Tools and materials
Although professional plumbers have access to a wide range of equipment, homeowners can manage their own plumbing needs using a limited number of tools. The most common household plumbing problems are less about special tools and techniques than they are about know-how. However, there are a few essential items that are necessary for daily plumbing jobs. Clogged drains are the most common plumbing problem.
αποφραξεις περιστερι has them all for sure.
The ultimate tool for clearing out clogs in tub and sink drains is the sink auger. Also known as a drum auger, canister auger or canister auger. It is best to not use it for toilets. They require a closet auger or toilet auger.
The sink auger is made up of a flexible, stainless steel cable that has a corkscrew end. To reach a clog or clear it, the cable is wrapped in a drum canister. The drum comes with a handle and a thumbscrew. When you insert the cable into the drain, turn the handle and the rotating drum will snake the cable through bends in your drain pipe. This allows the tip of the cable to reach clogs and pull them apart.
Toilet or Closet Auger
To clear clogs from toilets, the toilet auger (also known as a closet auger or a water closet auger), is used. A sink auger is not recommended for toilets. However, a toilet auger can be used for standard drains. The toilet auger is a long, straight metal rod that can reach into the toilet bowl’s bottom. To protect the porcelain inside the toilet, a rubber sleeve covers it. Once the tool has been placed, push and turn the auger cable until it is inserted into the clog.
A flange plunger (or toilet plunger), is a specially designed plunger that clears clogs from toilets. The flange plunger works just like regular plungers but has an extended rubber flap beneath the dome that seals around the toilet bowl’s bottom. The plunger can create hydraulic pressure to clear most toilet clogs by sealing the bottom opening.
- Prepare the toilet. Plunging is easiest with a half-full container. You can add or remove water as needed.
- Begin slowly. Place the plunger in the bowl, and then into the drain. Push gently to release air trapped within the cup. An excessive push could cause splashing.
- You can also take a dip. To create movement in your drain, push the bell down. The plunger may need to be pumped several times in order to clear the clog.
- You can test the drainage by adding a cup of water. After clearing the blockage, add one cup of water to the bowl. If the water drains, flush the toilet and clean up. If water remains in the bowl you might need professional plumbing assistance.
A flange plunger is a good tool to clear clogs and keep your toilet working smoothly.
Sink and Tub Plunger
The cup plunger may be the most common plumbing tool in the home. The plunger has a rubber cup shape with a wooden handle. It is used to clean out clogs from sinks, tubs, or showers. For clearing toilet clogs, this plunger should not be used. This is why a special-shaped plunger, the flange (previous slide), is needed. Flange plungers can still be used to open clogs, provided the flange remains inside.
For preventing leaks at threaded pipes connections, a plumber’s tap is essential. It’s made from thin white tape and can be wrapped around threads on fittings and pipes before you twist them together. It helps prevent leaks by adding a little lubricant to the threads. Made with PTFE (PolyTetraFluoroEthylene), it is silky in texture and is sold in small rolls.
Channel-type pliers, also known as slip-joint or adjustable pliers, are often known by the brand Channel-Locks. Long handles give you great leverage for twisting and squeezing. They can be used to grasp heavy steel pipes or to tighten large plastic nuts at sink drains. This should be your only speciality plumbing tool.
Adjustable Pipe Wrench
An adjustable pipe wrench, also known as a “pipe wrench”, is the best tool for metal plumbing. It is extremely leveraged and gripping. It is made to grip tight around pipes and other objects by digging into the pipe with sharper teeth. As the wrench is turned, it increases the pressure.
The pipe wrench can leave marks on the pipes and should not remove shiny fixtures or fragile pipes such as copper water pipes. Pipe wrenches are used primarily on galvanized iron pipes and heavy-duty fixtures with rough finishes like outdoor spigots, hydrants, and other hoses.
All of these are essential for plumbing and you can’t get any work done without these tools, well atleast not professionally and effectively.